University of Delaware

Two Models for Teaching Fractions

by Amber Beaman

Math is a difficult subject for some students to learn, but fractions specifically are the most challenging content within elementary math. Fractions give students the most problems, and these problems could follow them through adulthood. In order to limit the problems that students face when learning fractions, it is necessary to find a wat that fractions can be taughtthat can provide students with the best learning experience. The purpose of this pilot study is to determine how students learn fractions in order to provide the most effective way for teaching them. The studey was done on two groups of fourth and fifth graders. Two methods were compared in the study to determine if one was more effective than the other. One method had students use fraction strips, while the other method had students use their body and movement. Both methods improved the students understanding of fraction, but the movement group learned a concept of dance as well, suggesting that their learning experience was more memorable. These results may be considered in future projects and classrooms that wish to integrate the standard elementary math class with dance and movement to make learning math more enjoyable.